They also adopted an outcome document outlining their vision of the NAM for the next fifty years, and a commemorative declaration marking the fiftieth anniversary of the NAM's establishment.
Those at the meeting also affirmed the admission of Azerbaijan and Fiji into the Movement and prepared for the forthcoming NAM Summit in Tehran in A portion of the conference was dedicated to the issue at hand of Palestinian prisoners in Israel and in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem. On 29 March Indonesian Ambassador H.
It also called on the UNDC to play a bigger role in facilitating rapid movement to achieve disarmament goals and the Conference on Disarmament CD to agree on a program of work and establish an ad hoc committee on nuclear disarmament. The NAM called for international cooperation in realizing the goals of the fourth disarmament decade, including the issue of small arms and light weapons.
The paper consisted of a three phase plan for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons. In phase one the NAM called for a treaty banning the production of fissile material , an end to all weapons testing and development of new technologies for upgrading existing weapons systems, a convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, the establishment of a nuclear weapons free zone in the Middle East, conclusion of a new START treaty , and a moratorium on the production of fissile materials pending the conclusion of a fissile material treaty. The second phase called for the establishment of a single multilateral comprehensive verification system that included separating nuclear warheads from their delivery vehicles, and transferring nuclear materials to peaceful purposes.
The third phase extended beyond calling for the full implementation of a treaty eliminating all nuclear weapons and its verification regime. On 28 April the NAM submitted an additional working paper to the NPT Review Conference covering such issues as nuclear doctrines and sharing, nuclear disarmament and testing, security assurances , nuclear weapons free zones, safeguards and verification, and peaceful use of nuclear energy. On 3 May Dr. Marty M. The NAM recognized the new START treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation but noted there needed to be "more concrete uniform and systematic nuclear disarmament efforts involving all nuclear weapons states.
He stated that the final document adopted by the RevCon was "a step forward towards realization of the goals and objectives of the treaty. According to media reports the NAM also expressed support for the nuclear swap declaration between Iran, Turkey and Brazil that was signed in Tehran in May. The deal commits Iran to transfer 1,kg 2, lb of its low-enriched uranium to Turkey in exchange for kg lb of During the General Review Conference of the IAEA on September, the NAM presented a statement arguing that stability in the Middle East would be impossible given the current massive military capability imbalances, particularly in regards to nuclear weapons.
This directly critiqued U. Egypt also made a statement against "selective approaches" to non-proliferation and the undermining effect on the nonproliferation regime that such an approach has, speaking in reference to a draft resolution presented by the Arab League states entitled "Israeli Nuclear Capabilities. In his statement he emphasized the contribution of the NAM to multilateral efforts to maintain and promote global peace and called for reform of the UN Security Council to better reflect the current political realities. On 15 January the Permanent Representative of Cuba to the United Nations submitted a letter to the Secretary-General containing a statement from the Coordinating Bureau of the Non-Aligned Movement on the non-compliance by Israel with the Security Council resolution and the escalation of the Israeli military aggression against the Gaza Strip.
The letter condemned Israeli military actions and called for immediate cessation of all military activities and violence in accordance with resolution The statement emphasized the importance of decision-making by consensus, called on possessor states to comply with destruction deadlines, and welcomed NAM member Iraq as the newest party to the CWC.
He repeated NAM's call for "an international conference, at the earliest possible date, with the objective of obtaining an agreement on a phased program for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons with a specified framework of time. The Ministerial Meeting reaffirmed the five principles of the NAM and discussed regional and sub-regional political issues, human rights, social and developmental issues, the Responsibility to Protect, in regards to preserving multilateralism, and UN reform.
He asserted that "the status of nuclear-weapons States is On 12 June, it was reported that NAM had issued a statement on the subject of the Iranian nuclear program in which it expressed its support for Iran's right to the use of peaceful nuclear energy. NAM leaders announced their continued commitment to the elimination of nuclear weapons, support for nuclear weapon-free-zones, especially in the Middle East, and the use of peaceful nuclear energy.
The NAM raised concerns about potential misuse of R2P by expanding its applications to legitimize "invasive unilateralism" in internal affairs of states. The NAM indicated its positions on a variety of nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation issues, with an expectation that they would be taken into account by the UNSC summit. On 5 October the Indonesian Representative made a statement on behalf of the NAM to the General Assembly on all disarmament and international security agenda items.
He voiced NAM's support for nuclear disarmament, calling on NWS to accomplish the total elimination of nuclear arsenals and to respect the inalienable right of all nations to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The letter expressed the Movement's dissatisfaction with the resolution's emphasis on obligations and controls placed on non-nuclear-weapon states as opposed to nuclear disarmament measures, rejected setting new conditions and prerequisites for nuclear exports that are contrary to the IAEA Statute, and noted with regret that the resolution did not prohibit attacks or threat of attacks against peaceful nuclear.
NAM Notes Special Edition – Hurricane Harvey
The purpose of this meeting, requested by the Iranian delegation, was to exchange views on the latest developments regarding the Iranian nuclear issue in advance of an imminent third sanctions resolution. On 14 February, a letter from the Permanent Representative of Cameroon was circulated, informing members of the nomination by the African Group of H. A Note Verbale was circulated on 19 February setting a deadline for delegations to send comments on this nomination. The Security Council voted to adopt Resolution which continued sanctions on Iran.
On 25 March, Mr. The paper called on possessor States to complete the destruction of all chemical weapons including abandoned weapons before the extended deadline. NAM and China pledged to support activities related to the universalization of the Convention. In this context, the Foreign Minister of Iran briefed the participants on the latest developments on Iran's nuclear issue.
The 14th Ministerial Conference was held in Tehran from July. Paragraphs of the final document address disarmament and international security. Ministers released a statement on the Iranian nuclear issue, which emphasized States' inalienable right to use atomic energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination. On 17 October, the Chair circulated the 6 draft resolutions L. In this regard, the Chair highlighted the need for NAM members to participate in this session and support the NAM resolutions and decision. On 5 February the Coordinating Bureau adopted a "Statement on the recent statements of the Israeli Prime Minister regarding Israel's possession of nuclear weapons.
The statement was also circulated to the Conference on Disarmament on 7 February.
Methodex NAM 1000 Loose Note Counting Machine
On 9 March, as agreed in the last CoB meeting, a letter was sent to H. In response to the aforementioned request, Mr.
These documents WP. A ninth document on peaceful uses of nuclear energy was also agreed, as a result of consultations conducted in New York and Vienna WP. The Member States adopted a Final Document , which discussed a range of global, regional, and sub-regional socio-political and security issues including disarmament, threat of use of force, and international security.
The Final Document condemns the categorization of States as good or evil and adoption of doctrine of pre-emptive strikes, which includes attack by nuclear weapons. On disarmament, the document stresses that efforts for nuclear nonproliferation should be parallel to nuclear disarmament.
- Études économiques de lOCDE : Hongrie 2010 (French Edition).
- What is Reputation Worth?: How to Protect and Enhance Value?
- History of the United Netherlands, 1595-96.
In this regard, the Summit calls for an international conference to agree on a phased program for nuclear disarmament. The NWS were reminded that development of new types of nuclear weapons would violate their commitments undertaken during the conclusion of the CTBT. It is also noted that implementation of national missile defense systems could lead to an arms race. The Final Document recommends that a universal legally binding instrument on security assurances should be concluded as an interim measure awaiting complete nuclear disarmament. As a precursor to a legal instrument, it called upon the NWS to give commitments to NNWS for non-use or not to threaten the use of nuclear weapons.
At this meeting, a statement on the nuclear issue in Iran was released. The statement reaffirmed the movement's belief in the basic right of states to use atomic energy for peaceful purposes. The ministers expressed their belief that all issues of safeguards and verification, especially as pertaining to Iran, should be resolved only through the framework of the IAEA, and they encouraged Iran to cooperate fully with the IAEA.
NOTES and Associated Procedures | KARL STORZ Endoskope | Viet Nam
The Final Document of the Ministerial Conference addressed various concerns relating to disarmament and nonproliferation and as such reaffirmed longstanding NAM positions. The ministers reaffirmed their commitment to nuclear disarmament, expressing dismay at the slow rate of disarmament and voicing concerns about the US Nuclear Posture Review and the NATO Alliance Strategic Concept, which they felt contravened the security assurances given by the NWS.
They called for an international conference to focus on nuclear dangers, ultimately resulting in resolutions for a phased disarmament program. Nevertheless, they reaffirmed the right of developing countries to engage in the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, stressing the responsibility of developed countries to aid developing countries in their quest to utilize nuclear energy.
Furthermore, the ministers expressed concern over the development and deployment of anti-ballistic missiles defense systems that they warned could lead to an arms race and an increase in the number of nuclear weapons worldwide. The ministers emphasized their belief that multilateralism was the only method of addressing disarmament and international security issues, reaffirming their support for the UN Disarmament Commission and the Conference on Disarmament as multilateral tools for disarmament negotiations.
The importance of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention was reestablished and it was recognized that the convention should be strengthened through multilateral negotiations. The ministers thus committed to work for a successful outcome of the Sixth Review Conference to be held in Geneva, 20 November — 8 December.
Article Versions Notes
Furthermore, the ministers invited states who had not yet signed or ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention to do so speedily. Finally, the ministers also addressed the probability of terrorists acquiring weapons of mass destruction, stressing that the most effective prevention tool was progress in disarmament and nonproliferation. Noting the adoption of resolutions and by the UN Security Council, the ministers recommended that the issue of non-state actors acquiring weapons of mass destruction should be dealt with multilaterally at the General Assembly.
Working Paper 20 requested a "comprehensive multilaterally negotiated instrument" to prohibit the attack on peaceful nuclear facilities,. In the Final Document of the conference, the Ministers addressed a wide variety of topics, and reaffirmed NAM's positions regarding disarmament and international security and the relevant decisions taken at previous summits.